Lifespan of a Dog: A Dog Years Chart by Breed 1


Have you ever wondered how long your dog will live? It’s a common question asked by pet parents, and one that doesn’t always have a clear answer. While there are many factors that affect a dog’s lifespan—including diet, exercise, and genetics—the average life expectancy of a dog is about 10 to 12 years. However, this number can vary widely by breed. In this blog post, we will explore the life expectancies of different breeds of dogs and what factors contribute to these numbers. We will also provide tips on how you can extend your dog’s life, no matter their breed.

How long do dogs live?

The average lifespan of a dog is about 10 to 13 years, though this varies greatly by breed. Small dogs tend to live longer than large dogs, and certain breeds are known for their longevity. The oldest recorded dog was an Australian cattle dog named Bluey, who lived to 29 years and 5 months.

While the average lifespan of a dog is 10 to 13 years, there is great variation among breeds. Small dogs tend to live longer than large dogs, and certain breeds are known for their longevity. The oldest recorded dog was an Australian cattle dog named Bluey, who lived to 29 years and 5 months.

Certain health conditions can shorten a dog’s lifespan, so it’s important to keep your pet healthy and up-to-date on vaccinations and routine check-ups. You can help your dog live a long and healthy life by providing proper nutrition, exercise, training, socialization, and preventive care.

List of Dog Breeds That Live the Longest

There are a number of factors that contribute to how long a dog lives including genetics, diet and lifestyle. However, some dog breeds are simply born with longer lifespans than others. Here is a list of some of the longest living dog breeds:

-Chihuahuas typically live between 14 and 20 years.
-Toy and Miniature Poodles often live between 15 and 20 years.
-Dachshunds have an average lifespan of 12 to 16 years.
-Beagles clock in at around 13 to 16 years.
-Shih Tzus frequently reach the ripe old age of 10 to 18 years.

Of course, these are just averages and individual dogs within each breed can live shorter or longer depending on their specific circumstances. However, if you’re looking for a pup that will be by your side for many years to come, one of these breeds might be the right fit for you!

Dog years chart by breed

Dog Breed Average Lifespan
Affenpinscher 12-14 Years
Afghan Hound 12-14 Years
African Boerboels 9-11 Years
Airedale Terrier 10-13 Years
Akbash 10-11 Years
Akita 10-13 Years
Alapaha Blue Blood Bulldogs 13 Years
Alaskan Klee Kai 14 Years
Alaskan Malamute 10-13 Years
American Bulldog 12-14 Years
American Eskimo Dog 12-14 Years
American Foxhound 10-13 Years
American Staffordshire Terrier 12-14 Years
American Water Spaniel 10-12 Years
Anatolian Shepherd Dog 10-13 Years
Australian Cattle Dog 10-13 Years
Australian Kelpie 12 Years
Australian Shepherd 12-15 Years
Australian Silky Terrier 11-14 years
Australian Terrier 12-14 Years
Basenji 12-14 Years
Basset Hound 11-14 years
Beagle 12-14 Years
Bearded Collie 12-14 Years
Beauceron 10-12 Years
Bedlington Terrier 12-14 Years
Belgian Malinois 10-12 Years
Belgian Shepherd Dog 10-12 Years
Belgian Tervuren 10-12 Years
Bernese Mountain Dog 6-9 Years
Bichon Frise 12-15 Years
Black and Tan Coonhound 10-12 Years
Black Russian Terrier 10-11 Years
Bloodhound 10-12 Years
Border Collie 10-14 Years
Border Terrier 12-15 Years
Borzoi 10-12 Years
Boston Terrier 14 Years
Bouvier des Flandres 10-12 Years
Boxer 8-10 Years
Briard 10-12 Years
Brittany 13-15 Years
Brussels Griffon 12-15 Years
Bull Terrier 11-14 years
Bullmastiff 8-10 Years
Cairn Terrier 12-14 Years
Canaan Dog 13-15 Years
Cane Corso 11 Years
Cardigan Welsh Corgi 12-14 Years
Carolina Dog 13 Years
Catahoula Leopard Dogs 12 Years
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel 9-14 Years
Central Asian Ovtcharkas 12 Years
Cesky Terrier 14 Years
Chesapeake Bay Retriever 10-13 Years
Chihuahua 14-18 Years
Chinese Crested 13-15 Years
Chinese Foo 11 Years
Chinese Shar-Pei 8-10 Years
Chipoo 14 Years
Chow Chow 8-12 Years
Clumber Spaniel 10-12 Years
Cocker Spaniel 12-15 Years
Cockapoo 14-18 Years
Collie 8-12 Years
Coton De Tulears 15 Years
Curly-Coated Retriever 8-12 Years
Dachshund 12-14 Years
Dalmatian 12-14 Years
Dandie Dinmont Terrier 11-13 Years
Doberman Pinscher 10-12 Years
Dogue de Bordeaux 5-7 Years
English Bulldogs 8-12 Years
English Cocker Spaniels 12-14 Years
English Foxhound 10-13 Years
English Setter 10-12 Years
English Shepherd 15 Years
English Springer Spaniel 10-14 Years
English Toy Spaniel 10-12 Years
Estrela Mountain Dogs 11 Years
Field Spaniel 12-14 Years
Fila Brasileiros 10 Years
Finnish Spitz 12-14 Years
Flat-Coated Retriever 10-13 Years
Fox Terrier (Smooth) 10-13 Years
Fox Terrier (Wire) 10-13 Years
French Bulldog 9-11 Years
German Pinscher 12-15 Years
German Shepherd  10-12 Years
German Shorthaired Pointer 12-14 Years
German Wirehaired Pointer 12-14 Years
Giant Schnauzer 10-12 Years
Glen of Imaal Terrier 10-14 Years
Golden Retriever 10-13 Years
Goldendoodle 14 Years
Gordon Setter 10-12 Years
Great Dane 7-10 Years
Great Pyrenees 10-12 Years
Greater Swiss Mountain Dog 10-12 Years
Greyhound 10-13 Years
Harrier 12-14 Years
Havanese 12-14 Years
Hungarian Vizsla 10-14 Years
Ibizan Hound 12-14 Years
Irish Setter 12-14 Years
Irish Terrier 12-15 Years
Irish Water Spaniel 10-13 Years
Irish Wolfhound 5-7 Years
Italian Greyhound 12-15 Years
Jack Russell Terrier 13 Years
Japanese Chin 12-14 Years
Keeshond 12-14 Years
Kerry Blue Terrier 12-15 Years
Komondor 10-12 Years
Kooikerhondje 13 Years
Kuvasz 9-12 Years
Labradoodle 13 Years
Labrador Retriever 10-12 Years
Laekenois 12 Years
Lakeland Terrier 12-16 Years
Lancashire Heeler 14 Years
Lhasa Apso 12-14 Years
Löwchen 13-15 Years
Maltese 12-14 Years
Maltipoo 13 Years
Manchester Terrier 15-16 Years
Maremma Sheepdog 12 Years
Mastiff 9-11 Years
Miniature Bull Terrier 11-14 years
Miniature Pinscher 12-14 Years
Miniature Poodle 12-14 Years
Miniature Schnauzer 12-14 Years
Neapolitan Mastiff 8-10 Years
Newfoundland 8-10 Years
Norfolk Terrier 13-15 Years
Norwegian Buhunds 11-13 Years
Norwegian Elkhound 10-12 Years
Norwich Terrier 13-15 Years
Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever 11-13 Years
Old English Sheepdog 10-12 Years
Otterhound 10-13 Years
Papillon 12-15 Years
Parson Russell Terrier 13-15 Years
Peekapoo 13 Years
Pekingese 12-15 Years
Pembroke Welsh Corgi 11-13 Years
Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen 11-14 years
Pharaoh Hound 11-14 years
Pit Bull 12-14 Years
Plott 11-13 Years
Pointer 11-15 Years
Polish Lowland Sheepdog 10-14 Years
Pomapoo 13 Years
Pomeranian 12-16 Years
Poodle (Standard) 12-15 Years
Portuguese Water Dog 10-14 Years
Pug 12-15 Years
Puli 10-15 Years
Rat Terrier 16 Years
Redbone Coonhound 11 Years
Rhodesian Ridgeback 10-12 Years
Rottweiler 8-11 Years
Saint Bernard 8-10 Years
Saluki 12-14 Years
Samoyed 10-12 Years
Schipperke 13-15 Years
Schnoodle 13 Years
Scottish Deerhound 7-9 Years
Scottish Terrier 11-13 Years
Sealyham Terrier 11-13 Years
Shetland Sheepdog 12-14 Years
Shiba Inu 12-15 Years
Shih Tzu 11-14 years
Siberian Husky 11-13 Years
Silky Terrier 11-14 years
Skye Terrier 12-14 Years
Snorkie 12 Years
Soft-coated Wheaten Terrier 12-14 Years
Spinone Italiano 12-14 Years
Staffordshire Bull Terrier 12-14 Years
Standard Schnauzer 12-14 Years
Sussex Spaniel 11-13 Years
Swedish Vallhund 13 Years
Thai Ridgeback 12 Years
Tibetan Mastiff 11-14 years
Tibetan Spaniel 14 Years
Tibetan Terrier 12-15 Years
Toy Fox Terrier 13-14 Years
Toy Manchester Terrier 14-16 Years
Toy Poodle 12-14 Years
Treeing Walker Coonhound 13-15 Years
Vizsla 10-14 Years
Weimaraner 10-13 Years
Welsh Springer Spaniel 12-15 Years
Welsh Terrier 12-14 Years
West Highland White Terrier 12-14 Years
Whippet 12-15 Years
Wirehaired Pointing Griffon 12-14 Years
Xoloitzcuintle 13 Years
Yorkie-Poo 14 Years
Yorkshire Terrier 14-16 Years

There are a lot of factors that affect how long your dog will live.

Size is one factor. Small dogs typically live longer than large dogs. The longest-lived breeds include Chihuahuas, Toy Poodles, Lhasa Apsos, and Yorkshire Terriers. The shortest-lived breeds include Great Danes, Saint Bernards, Newfoundlands, and Bullmastiffs.

Another factor is whether your dog is a purebred or mixed breed. Purebreds tend to have more health problems than mixed breeds. This is because they are bred for specific physical characteristics (like a certain coat color or type), which can lead to genetic defects. Mixed breeds are healthier because they have more diverse genes.

Certain medical conditions can also shorten your dog’s lifespan. For example, cancers are common in older dogs and can be fatal. Heart disease, kidney disease, and diabetes are also serious health problems that can shorten a dog’s life.

You can help your dog live a long and healthy life by feeding them a balanced diet, exercising them regularly, and taking them to the veterinarian for regular check-ups.

How to calculate your dog’s age in human years

To calculate your dog’s age in human years, you’ll need to know their breed and weight. Smaller breeds tend to live longer than larger breeds, so that’s something to keep in mind. Once you have that information, you can use this chart:

For example, a one-year-old Great Dane would be the equivalent of a 30-year-old human, while a one-year-old Chihuahua would be the equivalent of a 16-year-old human. To get an even more accurate estimate, you can also factor in your dog’s activity level and health status.

Common Signs to Identify Aging in Dogs

As your dog ages, they may start to experience some changes in their appearance and behavior. Here are some common signs to look for:

  • Graying of the fur: This is a common sign of aging in dogs, especially around the muzzle.
  • Loss of muscle mass: You may notice that your dog is not as muscular as they used to be and may have difficulty getting up from lying down.
  • Decreased activity level: An older dog may not be as interested in playing and may take more naps during the day.
  • Changes in eating habits: A decrease in appetite or interest in food is common in older dogs. They may also start to drool more.
  • Changes in bathroom habits: Older dogs may start to have accidents inside the house or require more frequent trips outside.
  • Sensitivity to cold or heat: Your dog may become more sensitive to extreme temperatures as they age.
  • Behavioural changes: Older dogs may become more anxious or irritable and may have trouble learning new things.

Why do mixed breed dogs live longer?

Mixed breed dogs tend to live longer than their purebred counterparts. This is likely due to the fact that mixed breed dogs are less likely to inherit genetic diseases from their parents. In addition, mixed breed dogs often have more diverse genetic makeup, which makes them more resistant to disease.

Tips for prolonging your dog’s life

  1. Keep your dog at a healthy weight – obesity can shorten your dog’s life by up to 2 years.
  2. Get regular exercise – moderate exercise can add up to 1.5 years to your dog’s life.
  3. Feed them a healthy diet – a nutritious diet helps your dog stay healthy and can add up to 2 years to their life expectancy.
  4. Have them vaccinated and on preventive care – keeping your dog up to date on vaccinations and on heartworm, flea, and tick prevention can help them live a long and healthy life.
  5. Avoid smoking around your dog – secondhand smoke has been linked to shorter lifespans in dogs, so it’s best to avoid smoking around them.

Factors Influencing Life Expectancy Of Dogs

There are a number of factors that influence the life expectancy of dogs. The most important factor is breed. Some breeds, like the toy poodle, have a life expectancy of 12-15 years, while other breeds, like the great Dane, have a life expectancy of 8-10 years. Other important factors include diet, exercise, weight, and environment.

Diet is an important factor in determining a dog’s life expectancy. Dogs that are fed a high quality diet rich in nutrients and antioxidants tend to live longer than those that are not. Exercise is also important for longevity. Dogs that get plenty of exercise tend to be healthier and live longer than those that do not.

Weight is another important factor in determining lifespan. Overweight dogs tend to suffer from more health problems and have shorter lifespans than those at a healthy weight. Environment also plays a role in lifespan. Dogs that live in clean, safe environments with access to good medical care tend to live longer than those that do not.

Things That Can Boost Your Dog’s Immunity and Health to improve dog life span

There are many things that you can do to help boost your dog’s immunity and health. These include:

  1. Feeding them a nutritious diet that is rich in vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants.
  2. Making sure they get plenty of exercise to keep their bodies fit and strong.
  3. Keeping them up to date on their vaccinations and routine vet check-ups.
  4. Minimizing their exposure to environmental toxins and other harmful substances.
  5. Providing them with regular mental stimulation and opportunities for socialization.

By taking these steps, you can help improve your dog’s overall health and potentially extend their life span. Of course, it is important to remember that each dog is unique and individualized care should be tailored to meet their specific needs.


From small to large, all dogs have different life spans. While some breeds may have shorter lifetimes, others can live well into their teenage years. The best way to ensure your dog has a long and healthy life is by providing them with proper nutrition, exercise, routine check-ups with the vet, and lots of love.



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